Geltzer emphasizes that is a generalized directive from the FISA court that allows for collection from a certain foreign intelligence asset for a certain period of time, which makes it broader than a warrant. But since they are using internet or phone providers with connections to the United States, investigators need some sort of authority to surveil them, which is how came into play.
Section is billed as one of the most important legal authorities to stop terrorist attacks. FBI Director Christopher Wray said this week that "it is unbelievably valuable to the FBI because it gives us the agility that we need to stay ahead of today's rapidly changing threats.
A plot to attack the New York subway system was foiled, in large part, because of the information collected via Section In , federal officials arrested Najibullah Zazi, an Afghan national living in Colorado, as he was en route to New York to carry out the subway bomb plot. Zazi was discovered, according to the criminal complaint, after he corresponded with an email address used by an al Qaeda courier in Pakistan.
What is Section 702 of FISA, anyway?
The emails sought advice on how to build explosives and were collected under a Section warrant. Zazi eventually pleaded guilty to conspiring to detonate explosives in the United States. The short answer is no. Geltzer put it simply when asked if Section targets US citizens in any way: "Not only are they not allowed to be targets, but the statute explicitly bars back-door targeting. However, Americans' data may get picked up as part of incidental collection. That means that if an American is communicating with a foreign target, those communications could be collected.
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In addition, if federal authorities are already investigating a US person, they may cross-check that person's information against the database. But Geltzer pushed back against the idea that this cross-check amounts to warrantless surveillance of Americans. He argued that since the information already has been collected under , there is no reason for authorities to obtain a warrant to review it. What's referenced above is exactly what privacy advocates are worried about. The American Civil Liberties Union, among others, has expressed great concern about some of what it sees as loopholes in the law.
In a letter to the House Judiciary Committee in October, the ACLU argued that Section "permits the government to unconstitutionally collect Americans' international communications without a warrant. The amendment that will be offered on the floor Thursday is sponsored by Rep. Sign the petition and make Mitch fix the filibuster.
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Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of Amendments Act of - Wikipedia
Related Posts. Just before debate began on Thursday, the president posted a statement on Twitter that suggested skepticism about the surveillance bill. Napolitano added that Mr. Speaker Paul D.
Ryan and Mr. Trump spoke by phone until he posted his next message, a senior Republican congressional aide said.
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Fewer than two hours later, the president appeared to reverse himself on the issue in another statement on Twitter. Despite the confusion, Republican leaders pushed forward, counting on moderate Democrats and Republicans to reject the proposed overhaul and pass the extension bill. John F. Kelly, the White House chief of staff, lobbied members in a House cloakroom before the vote.
S. 139: FISA Amendments Reauthorization Act of 2017
Some of the most conservative Republicans in the House joined with some of the most liberal Democrats in the failed bid for more privacy protections. Ultimately, 58 Republicans joined Democrats in voting for the overhaul amendment, while 55 Democrats joined Republicans in rejecting it.
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On Twitter, Mr. Snowden observed that it would have passed had fewer Democrats broken ranks.