Brill, , Or. Die Entstehung des modernen Judentums. Geistesgeschichte der deutschen Juden Hamburg, , Or. Arche Noah. Freiburg, , Or. Heidelberg, Lambert Schneider, , Or. Ex libris previous owner on titlepage. Reprint Amsterdam, Philo Press, , Or.
Moses Mendelssohn - Wikipedia
XXXII, pp. Ein historisches Nachschlagewerk. Revidirt und genehmigt von der General-Versammlung am Februar Markus Horovitz April With a frontispiece portrait. Freimann 55 EUR Jahrgang issues Richly illustrated Swiss Jewish weekly. Some shelf wear, otherwise in good condition, binding holding. From the library of Sigmund Seeligmann. Luzern, Leipzig, , Or.
In French and German. Back cover lacking. Studien zu Kirche und Israel Einband und Zeichnungen von P. Amsterdam, Verlag Allert de Lange, , Or. Some brownings.
A few traces of use. Frontbriefe Mit einer Zeichnung von Max Liebermann. Berlin, Vortrupp Verlag, , Or. Stamp on titlepage. Hamburger Studien zur neueren Geschichte 9. Editor: J. Essays on the following subjects: Jewish intellectual responses to tradition and modernity; The Jewish Alltag in the early modern period; Jewish life in Austria; Jewish organisations between advocacy and accommodation.
Editor: Arnold Paucker. XXIX, pp. Henry Wassermann, Jews in Jugendstil. The Simplicissimus, Extensive bibliography, and many more essays on German Jewish history. A few pencil markings and annotations. Illustrations in the text and portrait. Large 4to. Inner spine weak. Brownings on the binding.
All plates in good condition. Ex libris of Dr. Henriette Boas. Bern, Peter Lang, , Or. Neue, durchaus verbesserte Auflage. Binding soiled. Sidur Sefat Emet. Basel, Goldschmidt Verlag, , 8vo, Or. VII, lvs. Hebrew punctuated text with parallel German translation in Gothic script. Tehilath El. Mit der vorzuglichen deutschen Uebersetzung von M. Prag, , White gold and blindstamped binding, XXV, pp. Hebrew and German. Gilt edges. Ein Chanukkahbuch. Inner spine weak, a few pages loose. SiddurTefillat Yisrael. Breslau, Verlag von Wilhelm Jacobsohn, , 16mo, Or. Back detached but present. Hakohen Maimon.
Jerusalem, , Or. In Katechesen bearbeitet. Frankfurt am Main, J. Kauffmann, , Cont. Handritten author's dedicaiton on verso fr. Not in Freimann. Herausgegeben mit Einleitung, Anmerkungen und Registern. Hebrew with introduction in German. Ein Lebensbild. Mit 4 Illustrationen. Deutsche Jugendbibliothek, Band Kreuznach, Verlag von R. With portrait of Mendelssohn and 4 other illustrations. September Mit einem Essay von Eva J. Berlin im Soncino Verlag Lausanne, Librairie Payot, , Modern cloth. Richly illustrated. Binding somewhat soiled, inside in very good condition. Monumenta Judaica.
Schilling and Kurt Hackenberg. In very good condition. Modern cloth. Studies in Hebrew literature of the Enlightenment in Germany. Leiden, Brill, , Or. Leipzig, , Or. Erstes, zweites und drittes Heft. Literatur Leipzig, Oskar Leiner, , Hcloth in 2 vols. Binding not, uniform. XII, , pp. Isidor Pollak. Prag, Verlag Dr.
Table of contents
Josef Flesch, , Or. Tradition und Modernisierung im Zeitalter der Emanzipation. Mainz, , Or. Wort und Wirklichkeit. Eugen Ludwig Rapp zum Studien zur Afrikanistik und Orientalistik. Teil 2: Linguisitk und Kulturwissenschaft. Meisenheim am Glan, , Or. Geneve, , Or. Hanau, , Or. Frontispiece plate and 1 genealogical table. Gesammelte Schriften. Band 2. The Hague, , Or. Drei Sendschreiben. Wiesbaden, Dr. XV, pp.
- Frammento sulla libertà (Italian Edition).
- Parent topics?
- Guide to the Papers of Hanns Reissner ()AR / MF .
- Flower in Bloom.
Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Frankfurter Juden Eine historische Dokumentation. Eine Schriftenreihe. Heft 1. Lower margin sl. Some traces of use. Schweizerischer Israelitischer Gemeindebund. Basel, , Or. Goldschmidt, A. Safran, D. For Jewish salon women, aristocratic marriage, though raising their social status, necessitated conversion, since civil law marriage did not exist. Though many of the young women were daughters of intellectually distinguished fathers, they felt restricted by the subordinate role traditionally assigned to women in the patriarchal structures of orthodox Jewish life.
Nevertheless, most of the converted salon women of that time did not forget family and old friends. They presented a model for Jewish integration into the changing German society, although a model that most Jews rejected. Sophie Sander. Gradually, they became ready to open their doors to Jewish friends and acquaintances though these were few at first ; this process slowly created an integrated general salon society in Berlin. The salon circles welcomed the American fight for freedom and the early moderate stages of the French Revolution which proclaimed the rights of man.
In the decree of emancipation was intended to give equal civil rights to the Jews in Prussia, but failed to do so because it was not fairly applied and increasingly encumbered by restrictions. Soon many serious setbacks occurred. The ideas of enlightenment gave way to a new era of traditionalism in the later stages of Romanticism, which often included ressentiments against Jews. Antisemitic pamphlets and articles, as well as social discrimination, in the first years of the nineteenth century could poison some minds, but they could not destroy the trend towards emancipation and salon society.
In the spectrum of Berlin salon society after , the salons of Jewish women or baptized Jewish women constantly played an important part, though they ceased to be a new and revolutionary phenomenon. After the crown had withdrawn important rights and promises of the reform era, the salons generally remained places where freedom of conscience and speech was respected.
The mutual visits of Jewish and Christian salon women in their respective salons increased. It was a hallmark of salon society, perhaps more in theory than practice, that people were respected for their character and merits and not for rank, origin or religion. Rahel Levin-Robert, since married to the diplomat Karl August Varnhagen von Ense, returned to Berlin in after a four-year absence.
She complained that she gave more than she received, which was probably true. The antisemitic disturbances in Southern Germany in really shocked her. The cult of Rahel Varnhagen even if it was an idealized version of her , inaugurated in by Rahel. Among the Jewish women who continued the salon tradition was Henriette Solmar — , perhaps a convert. Her salon existed for more than half a century, culminating in the s, s and s. As a confirmed liberal, Solmar received and comforted the political writer Heinrich Laube — after his release from unjust imprisonment in During the revolution of she was an admirer of Alphonse de Lamartine — In spite of her outspoken opinions, guests from different political quarters kept visiting her for news and political gossip.
Among her international guests were Thomas Carlyle — and George Eliot — Sara Levy and Amalie Beer were very active elderly ladies now. Combining cultural conservativism with ideas of political progress, a grande dame with charm and inner poise, Levy was a phenomenon. Levy kept encouraging young authors and painters especially women, Jewish and non-Jewish alike until her death in The revolution of — failed, but though the final Prussian constitution of was unsatisfactory, equal rights for Jews were incorporated. They were subsequently curtailed in the conservative s.
Shared political disappointments united liberal Christians and Jews in Berlin, and integration continued. She came to Berlin in the s, married the author Adolf Stahr — and had a salon from the mid—s. She was a successful novelist, had strong even at first democratic political opinions and wrote feminist books. Her salon was only one part of her activities. She became a model for many Jewish and non-Jewish salon women and early feminists in Berlin and the whole of Germany.
Very soon the Kulturkampf against the Catholic Church brought as a side-effect civil marriage, which facilitated matches between persons of different creeds. In salon circles, there was no doubt about the growing integration and acceptance of Jewish Germans. There were many new salons when Berlin became capital of the German empire in , but while the population grew, salons were in decline. For some time she was an intimate in the house of chancellor Bismarck. In she made a disastrous marriage to the eccentric painter Stanislaus Graf Kalckreuth — Around the turn of the century Walther Rathenau — , who was interested in Berlin salon history, liked to visit this circle, where he met old ladies whose memories reached back to the s.
As the Bernsteins were or were among the first owners of impressionistic paintings in Berlin, lively discussions about old and modern art ensued in their salon. Such discussions later led to the founding of the influential Berlin Secession. After the early death of her husband Felicie Bernstein became interested in social problems and the feminist movement but retained her enthusiasm for art and left a legacy to the Secession. In her salon in Richter arranged lectures by the art nouveau architect and designer Henry van de Velde — She proved to be a superb hostess.
In the late nineteenth century salon culture was still enjoying a kind of Indian summer. Just like the first salons a century earlier, these late salons attempted to provide free and equal society in which people were respected for their individual qualities and not for their origins. Yet these rules as always in the history of the salon were valid only within the salons and the salon network.
When anti-Jewish propaganda arose around , most of the the prominent Christian champions for fairness were, besides the socialists, members of the salon society. The Berlin salons on the one hand gave the new pseudo-scientific racist antisemitism no chance at all to conquer them, but on the other hand, these salons as such—given their loose structure—were unable to prevent or defeat it successfully, especially because at that time the influence of the salon society, in comparison with mass society and its public institutions, was shrinking and negligible.
World War I, the end of the monarchy, inflation and the subsequent impoverishment of those middle and upper middle classes who had formed the backbone of salon society were only external signs that the era of the salons had ceased. Heroic attempts to reinstall salons, e. However, throughout the entire nineteenth century Berlin salons had succeeded in promoting cultural liberty, equality and fraternity for all educated persons, including women and Jews.
There are a few exceptions in the case of sources which are relevant for the whole of the salon society in Berlin. As the content of an article is usually indicated by the title, only books have been commented upon. Bunsen, Marie von. Die Frau und die Geselligkeit. Leipzig: [c. A competent analysis of salons and related social life by a salon woman. Zeitgenossen, die ich erlebte. Leipzig: These memoirs provide rich source material for late Berlin salon culture. Actually, some of the reminiscences belong to the time well before Heilborn, Ernst, ed.
Die gute Stube. Berliner Gesellschaft im Vienna, Munich, Leipzig: A good selection of primary sources is presented in the second part of the book.
Henriette Herz. Ihr Leben und ihre Zeit. Weimar: Not fully reliable. Lepsius, Sabine. Eine Wochenschrift , seventh year, vol. The author describes the end of the salons from her own historical and personal knowledge of the Berlin salons. Erinnerungen , ed. Munich: Lewald, Fanny. Meine Lebensgeschichte , ed. Valuable source, not only for Lewald, but also for other Berlin salons Sara Levy etc. Good general source. Hedwig von Olfers had a salon herself for decades as did her mother Elizabeth von Staegemann and later her own daughter Marie von Olfers.
Strube, Rolf, ed. Munich, Zurich: Selection of sources, with an introduction. Tornius, Valerian, ed. Die Berliner Gesellschaft von bis Berlin: Varnhagen, Rahel. Gesammelte Werke , ed. Valuable source, not only for Varnhagen, but also for other Berlin salons. Altendorfer, Norbert. Rahel und Schleiermacher. Facette einer Epoche. August bis 1. November , ed. Berlin: Akademie-Katalog, Arndt, Andreas.
Berlin, New York: Arendt, Hannah. Augustine, Dolores L. Essays und Studien, ed. Jahrhundert , ed. Geschichte von Brandenburg und Berlin, vol. Bovenschen, Silvia. Standard work for feminist approach to history and literary history. Brammer, Annegret H. Introduction to the legal aspects of Jewish emancipation in Prussia. Bruer, Albert A. Brunschwig, Henri. Enlightenment and Romanticism in Eighteenth Century Prussia.
Chicago: General introduction to the period. Dick, Jutta and Marina Sassenberg. Lexikon zu Leben und Werk. Reinbek near Hamburg: One hundred and eighty-five short biographies with portraits and bibliographies. Dollinger, Petra and Heinz. Kulturelle Infrastruktur, vol. Dollinger, Petra.
Oktober Cottbus: Edition Branitz, vol. Jahrhundert bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg. Cologne, Weimar, Vienna: Drewitz, Ingeborg. Berliner Salons. Third edition, Berlin: [ 1 ]. First, if short, modern introduction to the salons in Berlin. Schoeps, — Stuttgart, Bonn: Feilchenfeldt, Konrad.