The Folklore of Orkney and Shetland. Great Britain: B. Batsford LTD London. The Scotsman. Retrieved 17 September Cited by Ashliman, D. The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore. Infobase Publishing. The People of Orkney. Orkney Press. The Minor Traditions of British Mythology. Ayer Publishing. Exploding the Reading: Building a world of responses from one story. Markham, Ontario: Pembroke Publishers. The Viking Rune. Retrieved 12 May Cited and quoted by Gomme, G. June Archaeological Review. Testimony of Tradition. Fabulous creatures, mythical monsters, and animal power symbols: a handbook.
Retrieved 11 May Archetypes and Motifs in Folklore and Literature. Sigurd Towrie. Retrieved 30 November Dugongs and Mermaids, Selkies and Seals. Australian Folklore. Bruford, Alan Scottish Studies. Narvez, Peter ed. Trolls, Hillfolks, Finns and Picts. University Press of Kentucky. Dennison, W. Traill January Freeman, A. Journal of the Folk-Song Society. A Description of the Shetland Islands:. Hiestand, Emily Hiestand Summer The Georgia Review.
Hinrichs, I , pp. The Seal-Skin. Translated by Alan Boucher. London: Iceland Review Library. The Seal's Skin. Icelandic Folktales and Legends. Translated by Jacqueline Simpson. University of California Press. The Sealskin. Icelandic folk and fairy tales. Translated by May Hallmundsson; Hallberg Hallmundsson. Professor D. Translated by D.
Pottinger, J. Bohn, pp. Williamson, Duncan Tales of the seal people: Scottish folk tales. New York: Interlink Books. Celtic mythology series. Creatures in Scottish mythology and folklore. Beithir Gigelorum. Beira Cailleach.
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After one hundred and fifty days the water receded, and the Arc washed onto the mountains of Ararat. Noah built an altar there, and afterwards continued his life.
It is said he lived to become years old, and therewith was the last of the ancient peoples that were immensely long-lived. The story has many versions and in the flood myths of different Ancient Near-East countries, the flood survivor is given different names. Examples are Atrahasis, Ziusudra, and Utnapishtim in Sumerian mythology.
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The man in the Sumerian myth is saved from the flood by a warning of groundwater god Enki see 4. This god was usually depicted covered with fish scales, with two streams of water originating from his shoulders, one being the Tigris, and the other the Euphrates. Another example of a different version of the legend of the Great Flood is that of Manu in Hindu mythology. Orpheus Orpheus was a man that fell deeply in love with river nymph naiad Eurydice.
They lived a happy life together, and Orpheus sang many a song about Eurydice's beauty. One day however, Eurydice was bitten by a snake while walking the fields, and she died instantly without being able to say goodbye to Orpheus. Orpheus, saddened by the loss of his loved one, decided to journey to the Underworld to try and get her back.
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He met up with Hades and Persephone, and sang to convince them of his love for the naiad. They were deeply moved, and told him he could take Eurydice back to the surface. However, he was to walk many paces ahead of her, and if he were to look back she would have to stay in the Underworld without him, forever. After some time Orpheus no longer heard Eurydice's paces behind him, and he started to doubt whether she kept up with him as he hastily tried to leave the Underworld. Eventually, he looked around at her.
There she was, but he only looked into her eyes for a brief moment before she vanished into the Underworld forever. Orpheus attempted to find her again, but Hades would no longer allow him access. He returned to the surface alone, a broken man, and sang songs of Eurydice's beauty until the day he died. Perseus As Perseus, a hero of Greek mythology, passed the cliffs of Ethiopia, he noticed a beautiful woman tied to the rocks.
She appeared to be the Ethiopian princess Andromeda, and she was to be offered to a sea monster that was sent to the country by a sea god her mother had aggravated. Perseus felt sorry for Andromeda and used his sickle to kill the monster. Together, Perseus and Andromeda returned to Andromeda's home. Her parents were very happy to see her again alive, and decided to approve of a marriage between their daughter and Perseus. One day he was summoned to bring the princess of England, Isolde , to king Marc's court. The king of England had promised her to the king to be his wife. While on their way to Whales, a fortunate accident caused both Tristan and Isolde to drink the love potion aboard their ship that was meant for Isolde and king Marc.
They fell in love with each other, and started meeting in secret after Isolde's wedding to the king. However, they were caught by a dwarf and king Marc was warned. To save Isolde's honour, Tristan dressed as a pilgrim, and as Isolde passed she asked the pilgrim to carry her across the river. After the pilgrim had done so, she swore to king Marc that none but him and this pilgrim had ever held her in his arms. King Marc, unaware of the fact that the pilgrim was actually Tristan in disguise, believed her and reinstated her as his wife.
Nevertheless, the king entered a secret marriage, and Theseus was born. The boy however was not raised in Athens, and was allowed to go there only after he was able to lift a rock under which a sword and sandals were hidden. Theseus became a great adventurer during his travels, and even managed to defeat the half-man, half-bull Minotaur in the labyrinth of king Minos. As he finally sailed back to Athens, he forgot to replace his black sails with white ones, and consequently his father was under the impression Theseus was dead.
In an act of desperation Aegeus proved the oracle right as he threw himself off a cliff into the sea. This sea was named the Aegean Sea, after king Aegeus. Atlantis The Greek philosopher Plato first mentioned Atlantis as an island that once existed. He stated this island was a naval power that had conquered parts of Western Europe and Africa.
It is thought to have been located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean between Africa and America. Throughout the centuries the theory of Atlantis was mostly rejected, and often parodied. During the Middle Ages the theory was forgotten, but it was rediscovered in modern times. Some philosophers think that Atlantis existed, and its peoples were highly culturally developed. They were even named predecessors of the modern Aryan race by some. It was thought they possessed aircraft and ships powered by some form of energy crystal.
Modern theory sometimes states that some modern Islands are parts of Atlantis that rose from the ocean. Avalon Avalon was a magical island that is said to have existed off the coast of Britain, and supposedly vanquished after some time. It was famous for its beautiful apples. Avalon is part of many stories and legends. It is said to be the island where Jesus and Joseph of Arimathea visited Britain, and consequently it is placed near Glastonbury and the church present there.
Arthurian legend states the Lady of the Lake lived in Avalon. It is said that this is the island where they buried King Arthur after the fight with his son Mordred cost him his life. Another supposedly sunken island near the coast of Britain, called Lyonesse, is often associated with Avalon. It is said to be the birthplace of the legendary Tristan, from the legend of Tristan and Isolde. The area is nearly a million square miles wide, and extends from the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean Sea. A series of mysterious disappearances of ships and planes has surrounded this location with insinuation and myth.
People claim that in this area the laws of physics are violated, and it was even suggested there is extraterrestrial activity there. Sceptics state that the disappearances where not that many, and most happened earlier before the proper equipment to track every lost ship or plane down was even invented, including the radar and satellite. They also claim the number of disappearances is relatively insignificant compared to the number of ships and planes that do pass through the area safely. The current within the Triangle is associated with heavy weather, which would be a logical cause for any of the disappearances.
Some state that the triangle has opposite magnetism, which interferes with GPS equipment and causes ships and planes to crash in reefs. Another possible explanation includes methane hydrate bubbles as a cause of rapid sinking of ships in the Triangle by water density alterations. An example of a flight that supposedly disappeared in this area was Flight 19 of a naval air force squadron.
It was reported that the weather was calm that day, and circumstances surrounding the disappearance where suspicious. However, it was later reported that the plane actually met heavy weather, and that the naval leader of the aircraft sounded disoriented on the radio. This last claim led to suggestions that the flight may not actually have been anywhere near the Bermuda Triangle. This might be the actual reason the plane was never recovered. However, for the disappearance of some other flights, notably the Star Tiger and the Star Ariel, no such explanation was possible and it still remains unclear why the wrecks of these planes were never recovered.
It was however certain the planes flew near Bermuda at the time of their last radio transmission. Today, most agree that approximately ships and planes have gone missing without a trace in the Bermuda Triangle area. Other areas that are surrounded by myth because of the many shipwrecks and disappearances include the Marysburgh Vortex in lake Ontario, and the Formosa Triangle near Taiwan.
Formosa A five million square kilometre region in the Pacific Ocean where ships frequently disappear under mysterious conditions, the Formosa Triangle is believed to have many similarities to the Bermuda Triangle. Fortunate Isles The Fortunate Isles, or the Isles of the Blessed, were thought to be locations where heroes of Greek mythology entered a divine paradise.
The islands were supposedly located in the Atlantic Ocean, near the Canary Islands. It is stated that Macaronesia may be what is left of these islands today. Lemuria Lemuria is a hypothetical lost continent that was located either in the Indian or Pacific Ocean. Its existence has been thoroughly researched, because many Darwinian scientists believed it to contain the missing link fossil records on the origin of the human species. At present scientists have rendered the existence of Lemuria unlikely by researching plate tectonics. However, occult writers and some ancient peoples have accepted its existence as a valid theory.
They believe the continent existed long ago, and sank beneath the ocean because of geological changes. Mu Mu was a continent once located in the Pacific Ocean that is believed to have sunk into the depths of the sea. Monsieur A.
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Le Plongeon derived the idea of Mu as a continent from ancient Mayan writings. Modern plate tectonics rules out the existence of a lost continent, because there is no evidence of aluminium-silicon alloys SiAl on the ocean floor, which would mark continental masses. Some people now believe Mu and Lemuria are actually the same continent. Underworld The Underworld is a mythological realm of the god or goddess of the dead, where the spirits of the deceased stay. The Underworld was separated from the worlds of the living by five rivers, namely Acheron river of woe , Cocytus river of lamentation , Phlehethon river of fire , Lethe river of forgetfulness , and Styx river of hate.
The latter was famous because Zeus forced gods to drink the entire river Styx if they had forsaken an oath. The water was said to be so foul that the god in question would lose his or her voice for nine years. Additionally, Achilles was dipped in the River Styx by his mother to make him immortal. Ys Myth tells us in Brittany a city called Ys once existed, which was built by a Briton king for his daughter Dahut. The city was built below sea level, and was protected by a dam to which only one man had the keys.
But one day supposedly Dahut tricked the man into giving her the keys, and she opened the door in the dam to let her lover in. Consequently Ys was flooded and disappeared below sea level. Not all stories blame the flooding on Dahut. According to some gods destroyed the dam to punish the city. Gods In the old days, any tribe had its own religion, and different religions described many gods. Here is are some examples of these divinities. Keep in mind that some may overlap. Literature If you are interested in reading about any of the creatures, heroes, gods or locations mentioned above, try the following books where some make an appearance sometimes briefly , or any other books on mythology of a country or peoples.
Toggle navigation. Water mythology Created by S. Enzler MSc An assemblage of myths and legends on water and water creatures Creatures People Locations Gods Literature Old stories can be divided into history, myths and legends. Visit out water astrology page.
General Delivery Conditions. Robert Burns and Robert Louis Stevenson both recalled as adults the tales of ghosts, magic and witches they had heard as children. The mythical kelpie is a supernatural water horse that was said to haunt Scotland's lochs and lonely rivers. The kelpie would appear to victims as a lost dark grey or white pony but could be identified by its constantly dripping mane. It would entice people to ride on its back, before taking them down to a watery grave. Selkies were mythical creatures that could transform themselves from seal to human form and back again.
The legend of the selkie apparently originated on the Orkney and Shetland Islands where selch or selk ie is the Scots word for seal. Tales once abounded of a man who found a beautiful female selkie sunbathing on a beach, stole her skin and forced her to become his wife and bear his children, only for her to find the skin years later and escape back to seal form and the sea. One of Scotland's most famous unsolved mysteries is that of the Loch Ness Monster or 'Nessie' as it has affectionately come to be known.
The large dinosaur-like creature is reputed to inhabit Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. The first recorded sighting of the monster was nearly 1, years ago when a giant beast is said to have leaped out of a lake near Inverness and ate a local farmer. Since then the myth of the Loch Ness Monster has magnified.
In , a London doctor snapped a photograph that seemed to show a dinosaur-looking creature with a long neck emerging from the water. Dozens of sightings have since been claimed, many of which have turned out to be hoaxes. In , a newspaper reader claims to have spotted 'Nessie' whilst browsing Google Earth's satellite photos of Loch Ness. Regardless of the truth, the suggestion of the monster's existence makes Loch Ness one of Scotland's most popular tourist attractions with thousands visiting it shores each year with the hope of catching a rare glimpse of the famous monster.